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# Category Archives: math

## Average and median via optimization

This is certainly not a new observation, and I’m sure it is folklore and/or contained in various textbooks, but it was amusing to derive it independently. Suppose we have a finite set of real numbers , and we want to … Continue reading

## What would Dijkstra do? Proving the associativity of min

This semester I’m teaching a Discrete Mathematics course. Recently, I assigned them a homework problem from the textbook that asked them to prove that the binary operator on the real numbers is associative, that is, for all real numbers , … Continue reading

## What’s the right way to QuickCheck floating-point routines?

I got a lot of great comments on my previous post about finding roots of polynomials in Haskell. One particularly promising idea I got from commenter Jake was to give up on the idea of having no external dependencies (which, … Continue reading

Posted in haskell, math
Tagged diagrams, finding, floating, haskell, point, polynomial, QuickCheck, root, solve, test
13 Comments

## Worstsort

Thanks for the responses to my previous post about finding roots of polynomials; I now have some new avenues to explore. But today I want to write about something completely different. I recently stumbled across this fun paper by Miguel … Continue reading

Posted in haskell, humor, math
Tagged badsort, computable, Fun, iterated, sort, worstsort
10 Comments

## Finding roots of polynomials in Haskell?

tl;dr: There are several Haskell packages one can use to find an individual root of a function on a certain interval. But I’ve had less luck finding a suitable package for finding all the roots of a given polynomial. This … Continue reading

## Counting inversions with monoidal sparks

Time for me to reveal the example I had in mind that led to the generalization in my previous post. Thanks for all the interesting comments: it seems like there are some interesting connections to be explored (e.g. to the … Continue reading

## Monoidal sparks

While at ICFP in St. Louis this past week, I discovered an interesting construction on monoids that no one I talked to (including Kenny Foner and Edward Kmett) seemed to have heard of or thought about before. In this post I’ll … Continue reading

## Parametricity for Bifunctor

I’ve begun work to add Bifunctor, Bifoldable, and Bitraversable to the Typeclassopedia. While thinking and writing about Bifunctor I ended up proving some “folklore” results for my own satisfaction, and decided someone might possibly find it useful if I formally … Continue reading

Posted in haskell, math
Tagged Bifunctor, bimap, free, haskell, parametricity, Typeclassopedia
3 Comments

## Sum of heights in a binary tree

Executive summary: every year when teaching data structures I always forget how to analyze the cost of building a binary heap, which amounts to summing the heights of all the nodes in a full binary tree. So I’m writing down … Continue reading

## Signed sets and ballots and naturality

This is blog post #3 in a series on signed sets and ballots (the previous posts are here and here). Naturality, isomorphism, and equipotence When are two species isomorphic? Since species are, by definition, functors , the obvious answer is … Continue reading

Posted in combinatorics, math, species
Tagged ballots, bijection, involution, natural, sets, signed, species, virtual
2 Comments